HIV and AIDS

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HIV and AIDS

According to the WHO records, every year approximately two million people die from AIDS, and so far there have been about 27 million fatalities across the globe because of this travesty of humankind. There's been no other transmittable killer in human society more detrimental than AIDS. Low and middle income nations have suffered the worst, particularly the Asian and African. Every year, there are millions contracting this deadly and crippling disease, and millions who succumb to it.

AIDS virus can be found in the bloodstream of the afflicted individual. This virus is also present in genital secretions of the afflicted individual. It passes on to an uninfected individual who comes in sexual contact whereby the virus in the genital secretions of the afflicted individual makes its way into the cells of the healthy individual. The virus also gets into the system of an uninfected individual in case the blood and/or the genital secretion of the afflicted individual is handled by the uninfected individual who has punctured/cut skin on the region that touches it, or when an uninfected individual utilizes a syringe/needle (for any purpose like tattooing, drugs etcetera.) that was used by an afflicted person. This virus also transmits from an afflicted mother to her baby during pregnancy, and or while breastfeeding.

AIDS which stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a group of symptoms and bacterial infections caused from the attack on the human defense mechanism carried out by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This disorder steadily lowers the performance of the immunity process leaving individuals vulnerable to opportunistic bacterial infections and cancers.

HIV and AIDS are transmitted via contact of a mucous membrane layer or the blood vessels with a bodily liquid comprising HIV, like blood, seminal fluid, genital fluid, and breast milk. This transmitting can include anal, genital or oral sexual intercourse, blood transfusion, infected hypodermic needles, between new mother and child in pregnancy, or nursing, or some other contact with one of the previously mentioned body fluids.

HIV stands for Human Immuno Deficiency virus, and similar to cold or flu infections, it affects us, triggering hosts of health problems. The basic difference between a common cold infection and HIV is the fact that, our body doesn't have any system to combat the AIDS and HIV infections. A common cold virus can be easily eliminated by our immunity process within just a few days or immediately after proper treatment. However, HIV disease completely erodes the defense system's capability to deal with any foreign virus.

As innovative remedies continue being created, and also since HIV constantly evolves effectiveness against remedies, the estimations of survival period will keep changing. Without any appropriate treatment method, death usually happens within a year. Most sufferers perish from opportunistic bacterial infections or malignancies linked to the intensifying failure of the defense mechanism. The speed of clinical disease development differs extensively for different people, and has been proven to be influenced by many factors like host susceptibility, immune function medical care and co-infections.

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